Additional information about the measure’s development and our approach to assessing its reliability can be found in the publications and presentations listed below*:

Beyond mental health: Exploring the pandemic’s impacts on student wellbeing, identity, agency, meaning, and purpose. Nicole Brocato, Samantha Shang, Yitong Zhao, Tamara McLaughlin, Xinyu Ni, Laura Hix. September 23, 2021. Presented at the Coalition for Life Transforming Education’s inaugural conference (virtual).

Supporting the wellbeing of students with marginalized identities. Nicole Brocato, Finn Luebber, Morgan Taylor, Ángel de Jesus Gonzalez, Hollie M. Chessman, Yitong Zhao. August 2, 2021. Report published with the American Council on Higher Education.

Measuring civic orientation in undergraduate students. Nicole Brocato, Laura Hix, Parissa Jahromi Ballard & Xinyu Ni. AERA Annual Conference (Virtual). April 10, 2021. (Corresponding paper)

Using national data on students’ wellbeing and experiences with discrimination to improve your campus community climate. Nicole Brocato, Penny Rue, Samantha Shang & Yitong Zhao. NASPA Annual Conference (Virtual). March 23, 2021.

Does social support buffer the adverse effects of discrimination on college belonging? Poster presentation at NASPA Strategies (virtual), Yitong Zhao & Nicole Brocato. January 12, 2021.

Political engagement and wellbeing among college students. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, Volume 71, November-December 2020, Parissa J. Ballard, Xinyu Ni, Nicole Brocato.

Examining belonging pathways for students self-reporting as disabled. Society for Personality and Social Psychology Annual Conference, Eric Gaudiello, Nicole Brocato, Shannon Brady. February 29, 2020.

Mining and mapping: Combining data from different surveys to yield new insights. NASPA Strategies, Finn Luebber & Nicole Brocato, January 16, 2020

Equity & Well-being. AAC&U Webinar. Moderator: Caitlin Sailins; Presenters: Nicole Brocato & Jo Ellyn Walker. June 12, 2019.

Examining belonging pathways across diverse institutions to understand belonging at your school. NASPA Regions II & III annual conference, Eric Gaudiello, Laura Hix, Nicole Brocato, June 2019

Challenges in measuring wisdom-relevant constructs in young adult undergraduate students. 2019 Journal of Moral Education pre-print. Nicole Brocato, Laura Hix, Eranda Jayawickreme.

Building strong foundations for wellbeing programs, policies, and practices. One of 9 Innovative Programs at NASPA’s annual conference, Nicole Brocato, John Pryor, Penny Rue, Eranda Jayawickreme, Malika Roman Isler, March 2019

Extracurricular engagement and meaning in life for undergraduates: Importance of meaningful activities. NASPA, Laura Hix, March 2019

I feel at home: Comparing sense of belonging in varying campus recreation programs. NIRSA, Laura Hazlett, Nicole Brocato, February 2019

Building effective wellbeing programs through evidence evaluation. NASPA Strategies, Nicole Brocato, Malika Roman Isler, January 2019

Creating collaborative and effective wellbeing assessment programs. IUPUI Assessment Institute, Nicole Brocato, Laura Hazlett, Bridget Hayes, October 2018

Getting the resources you need: Engaging stakeholders in student wellbeing programming. American College Health Association (ACHA), Nicole Brocato, Malika Roman Isler, May 2018

Turning wellbeing data into effective programming. NASPA -Student Affairs Administrators in Higher Education, Nicole Brocato, Malika Roman Isler, Laura Hix, John H. Pryor, Penny Rue, March 2018

Engage, belong, thrive… measure? How a wellbeing assessment can inform campus recreation. North Carolina Recreational Sports Association Presentation, Laura Hix, September 2017

Assessing the precursors and attainment of wellbeing in higher education using the Engine Model of Well-being. International Positive Psychology Association Handout, Eranda Jayawickreme, Nicole Brocato, & Bridget Hayes, July 2017

Assessing wellbeing precursors and attainment in higher education. Nicole Brocato, Eranda Jayawickreme, National Council on Measurement in Education Paper, April 2017

“What constitutes indices of well-being among college students?” Sara Dahill-Brown & Eranda Jayawickreme. This chapter in BTtoP’s book Well-being and Higher Education outlines our content model: what dimensions we measure and why.

The Engine of Well-being,” Eranda Jayawickreme, Marie Forgeard, & Martin Seligman. This paper develops the original version of the Engine Model of Well-being, which we adapted for use as our process model. You can request a copy of the paper through Research Gate.

*Note: As the measure has evolved, so has our terminology. Most notably, earlier presentations reference “precursors,” now referred to as “pathways.”