The Engine Model

Wake Forest University’s Wellbeing Assessment was developed using the Engine Model of Well-being (Jayawickreme, Forgeard, & Seligman, 2012). According to the Engine Model, whether people are well depends on whether they have access to wellbeing pathways: skills, resources, and conditions necessary to achieve wellbeing.

We have adapted the Engine Model from its original formulation so that each dimension of wellbeing has items that measure the outcomes and pathways specific to that dimension. A version of the model applied to all the dimensions of wellbeing can be found in the figure below.

In the middle of the model are the wellbeing outcomes (green boxes) and pathways (blue boxes). In the far left brown box are general, non-dimension-specific pathways such as healthcare access and financial security. On the far right are indicators of subjective wellbeing such as mood, life satisfaction, and self-esteem. Beyond that box, we could add another box for academic correlates such as GPA, completion, and retention.