The Engine Model

Wake Forest University’s Wellbeing Assessment was developed using the Engine Model of Well-being (Jayawickreme, Forgeard, & Seligman, 2012). According to the Engine Model, wellbeing attainment is dependent on the extent to which individuals have access to wellbeing pathways: skills, resources, and conditions necessary to achieve wellbeing.

We have adapted the Engine Model from its original formulation so that each dimension of wellbeing has items that measure outcomes and items that measure pathways specific to that dimension. A version of the model applied to all the dimensions of wellbeing can be found in Figure 1.

On the far left, this model also includes general, non-context-specific inputs such as health and financial stability. On the far right are variables associated with the wellbeing dimensions, such as summary indicators of wellbeing (e.g., life satisfaction and mood) and concrete variables of concern to university stakeholders (e.g., GPA, intent to transfer).